Wednesday, June 24, 2015

Oracle Global Temporary Tables

Global Temporary Tables (GTT)
Applications often use some form of temporary data store for processes that are to complicated to complete in a single pass. Often, these temporary stores are defined as database tables or PL/SQL tables. From Oracle 8i onward, the maintenance and management of temporary tables can be delegated to the server by using Global Temporary Tables.

Creation of Global Temporary Tables
The data in a global temporary table is private, such that data inserted by a session can only be accessed by that session. The session-specific rows in a global temporary table can be preserved for the whole session, or just for the current transaction. The ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS clause indicates that the data should be deleted at the end of the transaction.

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE XXX_temp_table (
  COL1  NUMBER,
  COL2  NUMBER
) ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS;


In contrast, the ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS clause indicates that rows should be preserved until the end of the session.
CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE XXX_temp_table (
  COL1  NUMBER,
  COL2  NUMBER
) ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS;


Important points
If the TRUNCATE statement is issued against a temporary table, only the session specific data is truncated. There is no affect on the data of other sessions.

Data in temporary tables is stored in temp segments in the temp tablespace.

Data in temporary tables is automatically deleted at the end of the database session, even if it ends abnormally.

Indexes can be created on temporary tables. The content of the index and the scope of the index is the same as the database session.

Views can be created against temporary tables and combinations of temporary and permanent tables.
Temporary tables can have triggers associated with them.

Export and Import utilities can be used to transfer the table definitions, but no data rows are processed.

Statistics on temporary tables are common to all sessions. Oracle 12c allows session specific statistics.

There are a number of restrictions related to temporary tables but these are version specific.

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